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A Decarbonized Northeast Electricity Sector: The Value of Regional Integration

The North American Northeast (New York, New England in the Unites States and the Canadian provinces of Ontario, Québec and the Maritimes) is particularly engaged in the fight against climate change. This scoping study focuses on the economic gains from a North American Northeast power sector integration. An hourly model of the regional power sector is develop and solved to minimize yearly investment and operation costs, under the constraint of reducing GHG by 80%. Two aspects of regional integration are investigated: physical and institutional integration. Physical integration corresponds to transmission capacities (interconnections) between sub-regions. Institutional integration correspond, in our study, to a shared approach in meeting capacity constraints: instead of planning exclusively with the local generation capacity to meet peak demand (as it is currently the case), available regional capacity can also be used to plan for peak capacity requirements. The study was produced by the Chair in Energy Sector Management of HEC Montréal, the Insitut de l’énergie Trottier and the Trottier Institute on Sustainability in Engineering and Design.

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Bouffard, F., Debia, S., Dhaliwal, N., Pineau, P.-O. (2018). A Decarbonized Northeast Electricity Sector: The Value of Regional Integration, Chair in Energy Sector Management HEC Montréal, Institut de l’énergie Trottier and Trottier Institute on Sustainability in Engineering and Design, June 2018.